Thursday, May 16, 2024

The Jewish Cordoba

I have blogged multiple times here on what I see as a parallel between the conflict between Catholics and Moslems over the Cordoba Cathedral and that of Jews and Moslems at the Temple Mount.

In short, I ask why can Moslems demand equal rights to a church, including prayer therein, that Moslems occupied and turned into a mosque after conquering Spain and then following the Reconquista, they were prohibited from doing so yet, when Jews retook the Temple Mount where Moslems had built an Islamic compound after conquering and occupying Judea, Jews demanding equal prayers rights and additional privileges are somehow in the wrong.

Read here; here; and here. And let's not forget the Hagia Sophia (and here).

And now what do I read?

Medieval synagogue discovered under Spanish church

Remnants of a medieval synagogue were discovered during restoration of altarpiece in Santa Maria la Blanca church in Seville. Archeologists performing restoration work on the apse and altarpiece of the Santa Maria la Blanca church in Seville, Spain, have uncovered the remnants of a medieval synagogue Ark.

I checked here:

Santa María la Blanca is the only church in Seville which has the remains of three religions. Formerly a mosque, it was made a synagogue on the orders of King Alfonso X in 1252, and was then consecrated as a Christian temple in 1391

The church:

The outline of the ark:

"In our work we have documented the rear wall of the main altar, made with solid bricks of variable dimensions but around 29x14.5x5 cm, prepared for rope and firebrand as it is a load-bearing wall. This wall has a thickness of about 94 centimeters," explained archaeologist José Antonio Valiente. The hejal that was discovered in 2012, like the mihrab of the mosque, is a rectangular space, open in front, "the wall documented during this performance would correspond to its rear closure, on the right side wall as shown. If you look straight ahead, it would include the space where the sacred books of the Torah would be placed and which is oriented to the east according to the canons of these religious buildings," the archaeologist explained.

If you are visiting Seville, go here:

Its in the Juderia, the old Jewish quarter.

Yes, the synagogue that existed there is well-known but finding the Ark is new:

José María Rincón, the director of the restoration, said that the Ark had been concealed by the wall-sized, gilded baroque altarpiece, built in the mid-1600s. Rincón called the discovery “a unique opportunity to witness an element unseen for 350 years, soon to be veiled once more, likely never to be seen again.” The Ark was in “an exceedingly precarious” condition, he continued. 

All confimed.

But we Jews cannot even do archaelogical work at the Temple Mount.



Viator said...

Do you agree to the observation of Judeaism, Christianity and Islam being very closely related seen as a branch of the tree of human religons?

YMedad said...

I agree that Chritianity and Islam are based on Judaism.
Christianity did away with the laws.
Islam usurped for itself all the Jewish personalities and events.

Viator said...

That is interesting and new to me, could you elaborate?

Viator said...

Chritianity and Islam are based on Judaism.
Christianity did away with the laws.
Islam usurped for itself all the Jewish personalities and events.
Christianity and Islam indeed have roots in Judaism, but each developed unique theological and cultural identities.

Christianity and Judaism
Christianity emerged from Judaism in the first century CE. Jesus of Nazareth, regarded by Christians as the Messiah and the Son of God, was a Jewish preacher. His teachings, along with those of his apostles, form the basis of Christian doctrine. Early Christians saw themselves as part of the Jewish tradition, but differences grew over time, especially regarding the interpretation of Jewish law and the role of Jesus.

Key Differences:
Law: Christianity teaches that Jesus fulfilled the Mosaic Law, and therefore, Christians are not bound by the old Jewish laws in the same way. The Apostle Paul, in particular, argued that faith in Christ, rather than adherence to the law, is what justifies believers.
Covenant: Christians believe in a new covenant established by Jesus, which supersedes the old covenant given to Moses.
Islam and Judaism
Islam emerged in the 7th century CE in the Arabian Peninsula. Muslims believe that Islam is a continuation and completion of the monotheistic faiths that preceded it, including Judaism and Christianity. The Quran, the holy book of Islam, acknowledges many Jewish prophets and incorporates various narratives from the Hebrew Bible.

Key Points:
Prophets: Islam recognizes many Jewish prophets, such as Abraham, Moses, and David, but also includes Muhammad as the final prophet.
Scriptures: While respecting the Torah, Islam holds the Quran as the final and most complete revelation from God.
Law: Islamic law (Sharia) incorporates aspects of Jewish law but is based on the Quran and Hadith (sayings and actions of Muhammad).
Usurping Jewish Personalities and Events
Islamic tradition includes many figures and events from Jewish history but often reinterprets them within an Islamic framework:

Abraham (Ibrahim): In Islam, Abraham is considered a patriarch and a prophet who exemplified monotheism. His willingness to sacrifice his son (interpreted by Muslims as Ishmael rather than Isaac) is commemorated in the annual festival of Eid al-Adha.
Moses (Musa): Moses is a central prophet in Islam, and his story is recounted in the Quran with some variations from the biblical narrative.
David (Dawud) and Solomon (Sulaiman): Both are regarded as prophets and kings, with David receiving the Psalms (Zabur) and Solomon known for his wisdom and rule.
Christianity emerged from Judaism but redefined key aspects like the Mosaic Law and the concept of covenant through the life and teachings of Jesus.
Islam acknowledges and respects Jewish prophets and events but reinterprets them within its own theological context, viewing itself as the final and complete revelation of monotheism.
Despite these connections and influences, Christianity and Islam developed distinct identities and religious practices, shaping their unique paths within the broader Abrahamic tradition.

Rodin said...

My Egyptian Muslim neighbor referencing kosher/halal ramadan YK said to me'
We got it all from you....Judaism.