Thursday, September 28, 2017

My Letter on Rav Yoel Bin-Nun's Kotel Suggestion

My letter in today's Jerusalem Post:

Sees a problem

In an interview with reporter Jeremy Sharon, Rabbi Yoel Bin- Nun (“On the Chief Rabbinate, the Kotel, the prophets and social justice,” (September 20) suggests a solution to the demand of the Reform and Conservative streams of Judaism for egalitarian prayer at the Western Wall.

His solution is that non-Orthodox services take place in the upper Western Wall plaza, behind the men’s and women’s prayer sections. As reporter Sharon writes: “This area was never a synagogue or place of prayer...having been the site of the residential Arab Mughrabi Quarter before 1967... therefore there would be no problem in allowing egalitarian prayer there.”

I see a problem. While historically true, the plaza was created to enlarge the narrow 30-by-4-meter alley that was the Kotel courtyard, not to supplant it or create a second plaza. In fact, Rabbi Bin-Nun’s mentor, Rabbi Avraham Yitzhak HaCohen Kook, as chief Ashkenazi rabbi, was very much involved during the 1920s in trying to purchase Arab homes there* so that the Kotel, until the Temple was rebuilt, would grow to a large, impressive prayer area. I doubt he would have approved of mixed-prayer services.

If the Wall is indeed held in deep respect as a religious site by non-Orthodoxy, what difference does it make where they pray as long as they are facing the Wall? (In the 9th through the 11th centuries, Jews prayed at the Eastern Wall and later walked around the Temple Mount, stopping at various gates to recite psalms.) If the location is sacred to them only because a secular state sacralized it, the issue is quite different, perhaps one of recognition by the state of a religiosity that is non-Orthodox. I fear that being, so to say, “in the back of the bus” will not satisfy their demands.




במכתב תשובה שכתב להירשנזון בי"ד בכסלו תר"ף (1919) הביע הרב קוק התנגדות נחרצת להצעותיו לבניית המקדש בהר הבית ללא הקרבת קרבנות: 'אמנם בעניין מקום המקדש דעתי רחוקה מדעת כת"ר [כבוד תורתו] [...] וגם דאבון הלב גדול מאוד אם יכנסו בהמון טמאים, בכסא כבוד מרום מראשון מקום מקדשנו'. הרב קוק הביע במכתב זה לראשונה התנגדות נחרצת לאפשרות הכניסה להר הבית, משום שהצעתו של הירשנזון הייתה מתן לגיטימציה וקריאה מידית לכינון מבנה פעיל ליהודים בהר הבית, צעד הכרוך בכניסה של יהודים ללא הגבלה למקום המקדש. הרב קוק נימק את התנגדותו מבחינה הלכתית: לדבריו אין מקום לפסוק כדעת הראב"ד — שהתיר לדעת הירשנזון להיכנס למקום המקדש בהר הבית — וכנגד הרמב"ם ושאר הראשונים. יתרה מזו, לדעתו של הרב קוק עיון מדוקדק בדברי הראב"ד מלמד כי הוא לא התיר בשום אופן כניסה להר הבית. לכן פסק הרב קוק כי אין להיכנס להר הבית, מפני שבהיעדר פרה אדומה, שנועדה לטהר טמאים, הכול טמאים בזמן הזה בטומאת מת. כפתרון חלופי הציע הרב קוק לבנות 'בית כנסת אחת גדולה ומפוארה בכל פאר והידור' סמוך לכותל המערבי. במבנה זה ייערכו 'אותן התיקונים שמציע כת"ר להיות ערוכים ושירה וזימרת הקודש — יהא בה. והיא תהיה מונהגת ע"פ הסכמת רוב רבני ישראל דרך מוסכם לכללות האומה'. האיגרת נדפסה גם בתוך: אגרות הראי"ה, ד, ירושלים תשמ"ד, עמ' כג-כה. 

Monday, September 25, 2017

A Story of Decapitated Canaanite Toads

Straight from the Israel Antiquities Authority:

Remains of decapitated toads found in a jar in a 4,000-year-old tomb

Fascinating findings from an Israel Antiquities Authority excavation near the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo prior to the expansion of the Manaḥat neighborhood shed light on burial customs in the Canaanite period (the Middle Bronze Age). The archaeological excavation yielded the remains of at least nine toads, and evidence of the cultivation of date palms and myrtle in the area. 

In the new research, to be presented for the first time at the conference “New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and its Region,” remains that were found in vessels placed in the tomb as funerary offerings were examined. 

The examination, using advanced scientific methods, was a cooperative effort among various academic institutions.

According to the excavation directors on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, Shua Kisilevitz and Zohar Turgeman-Yaffe: “This section of the Nahal Repha’im basin was fertile ground for settlement throughout time, especially during the Canaanite period.  At that time, it was customary to bury the dead with offerings that constituted a kind of “burial kit,” which, it was believed, would serve the deceased in the afterworld. When we removed the stone that blocked the tomb opening, we were excited to discover intact bowls and jars. In one of the jars, to our surprise, we found a heap of small bones. 

The study of the bones, by Dr. Lior Weisbrod of the University of Haifa, revealed at least nine toads. Interestingly, they had been decapitated.” 

Another intriguing finding came to light through analysis of sediments collected from the clay jars and examined under a microscope. The examination, by Dr. Dafna Langgut of Tel Aviv University, revealed that shortly before the vessels were placed in the tomb, they came into contact with various plants including date palms and myrtle bushes. This fact is interesting because this is not the natural habitat for those species, and they therefore seem to have been planted here intentionally. According to Dr. Langgut, in this period the date palm symbolized fertility and rejuvenation, which could explain why the ancients cultivated the trees in this environment, where they do not grow naturally. According to the scholars, these plants may have been part of an orchard planted in an area where funeral rituals were held, during which offerings of food and objects were made to the deceased. The scholars surmise that the jar with the headless toads was among these offerings.

The research will be presented for the first time on Thursday, October 18, at the conference “New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and its Region,” open to the public, at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.


Sunday, September 24, 2017

Moshe Shertok, "Settler"

Moshe Shertok, Israel's first Foreign Minister and second Prime Minister, was the son of Yaakov Shertok (or, Tzertok).

Yaakov arrived in Eretz-Yisrael in July 1882 and when the first group of Biluim arrived a short time later, he joined them and they lived in a commune in Jaffa's orchards.

In 1906, he rented a house

 in Ein-Sinya, north of Rammalah, 

owned by Ismail Al-Husseini, uncle of Amin, later to become the Mufti.

He found it via an ad:

The house included a flour mill, oil press and fruit orchard. Yaakov, his brother Ze'ev and their sister, Gutteh Katinsky rented it together, intending eventually to buy it.  They brought their extensive library of books as well as the family piano, carried all the way from Jaffa on the back of a camel.  Moshe and his brother Yehudah went to school in nearby Bir Zeit.

And they marketed their produce of kosher for Passover olive oil:

They were, in today's semantics, "settlers".

However, they suffered financial losses and their Arab hired labor constantly stole their harvest, their livestock (they had a sheep herd) and their foodstuffs they purchased in Jerusalem.  There was no doctor and the school, while preparing Moshe to be an Arab language scholar, was empty of Jewish content.  They left and in 1908 were back in Jaffa, in the Amzalag House in Neveh Tzedek.

Thanks to David Assaf.


Saturday, September 23, 2017

Oops. Not Mount Temple, But Temple Mount

As my faithful readers know, I am a Temple Mount activist.

Temple Mount.

Not Mount Temple.

"Mount Temple" led me to this young lady:

who is Eva Dunning from Mount Temple which is a village in County Westmeath in Ireland, about 6.5 km northwest of Moate who will take [took] part in Miss Ireland in Dublin this past Friday night.

One most be careful about word order.

By the way, Lauren McDonagh won the contest.


Prof. Phylils Chesler Update: "No formal action" by Alabama U.

If you read my two previous posts on Professor Phyllis Chesler's disinvite by University of Alabama, one a breaking-the-story, and another, a follow-up, here is the final delayed response:

FAYETTEVILLE -- No formal action resulted from a University of Arkansas, Fayetteville dean's review of an April decision to cancel a Skype talk by a speaker known for remarks critical of Islam, UA spokesman Mark Rushing said Thursday.

The UA administration in May criticized "the decision to disinvite a participant for his or her views" as "not reflective of the values and practices of our institution," according to a statement made at the time by Rushing.

The university in May suspended geosciences professor Tom Paradise from his administrative duties as director of UA's Middle East Studies center for his decision to cancel a presentation by Phyllis Chesler at a UA academic symposium April 13-14 on honor killing in Western countries.

...Paradise resigned in June as director of UA's King Fahd Center for Middle East Studies, at the time stating in an email to the Democrat-Gazette that he stepped down "due to too many commitments outside of Middle East Studies." He remains a UA professor.

Rushing in an email Thursday said no disciplinary action resulted from the review completed this month by Todd Shields, dean of UA's J. William Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences.

Shields did not respond to email, phone and text messages asking about the review...

..."After talking to all faculty, the Dean confirmed that the center will take an inclusive approach to special events in the future with the goal of maintaining an environment where a diversity of ideas is welcomed. The University of Arkansas believes in the free exchange of ideas and in a balanced presentation of viewpoints," Rushing said in an email.

Paradise, asked in a phone interview about the Chesler cancellation, said, "I'm accountable for that. The decision came to me."

Paradise said ideological concerns were "an extrinsic component" of the decision to cancel Chesler's appearance at an event co-sponsored by the UA School of Law and the Fahd center. In May, Lisa Avalos, a co-organizer for the symposium and a UA assistant professor of law, told the Democrat-Gazette that both her and Paradise agreed to the initial invitation.

Emails released by UA show faculty a week before the event asking the Fahd center to "publicly withdraw its sponsorship from this symposium," citing concerns about Chesler.

Paradise on Thursday said he had scheduling concerns related to Chesler's scheduled Skype talk, titled "Worldwide Trends in Honor Killing." It was scheduled for lunchtime, but meal service was in a separate room from where the Skype presentation could be viewed.

Paradise said he did not view the suspension of his administrative duties as punitive...


Wednesday, September 20, 2017

A Sinful Thought

On the eve of the days of penitence, a sinful thought entered my mind. How could I become more famous, even if infamous.

First, utilize, negatively, my Jewishness. And secondly, my Judaism. Third, act against Israel.

And it would have to be a cultural, even a literary act.

I gave the topic some consideration and this is what crystallized:

I will write a script for a movie (movies always do well, see th e ruckus about "Foxtrot" now) based on the Binding Of Isaac (I had thought of Eli and Chana at the Shiloh Tabernacle, but that is too close to home and I'd like to continue living here).

We have the sacrifice of a son but as the trope for the IDF and/or government killing off soldiers unnecessarily, that has been overworked. We have Abraham wandering in from Iraq and claiming the Land of the Canaanites as a metaphor for the ethnic cleansing it is claimed we did to the Jebusites, sorry, the Palestinians. That, too, has been used too often. Sarah's death upon hearing the news of the proposed sacrifice before hearing nothing happened.


Something new...

Ah, Yitzhak and...

the goat!

That's it.

The new relationship. Better than Cain and Abel supposedly arguing (they weren't, as they were...well, you know). Better than Yaakov and his two wives and two concubines.

A goat relationship. A horn. That would really do it.

A gut yontif.


Sunday, September 17, 2017

July 21, 1938: Five Dead by Arab Terror

During the "Disturbances" or the Great Arab Revolt of 1936-1939, the Mufti succeeded in causing the British to alter their concept of what was the purpose of the League of Nations Mandate - from reconstituting  the Jewish people's national home in Palestine in a territory from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River (taking into consideration that the territories lying between the Jordan and the eastern boundary of Palestine as ultimately determined, the Mandatory shall be entitled, with the consent of the Council of the League of Nations, to postpone or withhold application of such provisions of this mandate) and that stems from a recognition given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with that country, to a decision that "His Majesty's Government therefore now declare unequivocally that it is not part of their policy that Palestine should become a Jewish State" which members of the League of Nations Permanent Mandates Commission considered an illegal act, one that reneged on what had been decided 17 years earlier.

That move by the British, which was accompanied by a severe restriction of immigration certificates to 75,000 over the next five years, obliquely aided Hitler's mission to eradicate the Jews of Europe by keeping them within his grasp, as they had no where to go,

In addition, over 500 Jews who were in Palestine were killed by Arab terrorist gangs and untold Jewish property was burned, uprooted and destroyed.

The Yishuv , in general, maintained a policy a Havlaga, self-restraint, whereas the Irgun, from mid-1937 on, conducted counter-terrorist operations which included marketplace bombings, bus bombings, incursions into Arab villages and assassinations.  At times, the Hagana also engaged in such actions, especially in the Haifa district.

Whether or not these Havlaga-breaking actions more moral or not has been argued since that time, most recently in a new, rather tendentious and error-ridden book.

I picked one incident that, perhaps, provides an insight into the thinking of the Yishuv's defense forces at that time.

It is not mentioned in this Wikipedia entry.

In Parliament, on July 20, 1938, the Secretary of State for the Colonies Mr. M. MacDonald informed the members of the House that

"During the fortnight ended the 19th July, 77 persons were killed and 247 wounded, and there were 32 cases of bomb-throwing. Other terrorist acts included 52 cases of sniping, seven armed robberies and one kidnapping. There were two outbreaks of arson at Haifa, which were suppressed, and a number of acts of sabotage against Jewish, Arab and Government property; but I am unable to estimate the extent of the damage to property sustained during the period."

The very same night, at a location called Kiriat HaCharoshet (now within Kiryat Tivon) then populated by 60 families with a train station, marked in blue:

now an upscale area:

an attack by Arabs took place. Here's Davar of July 21:

In the upper left-hand corner is the short report.   This is the following day's item on the funerals:

Here is the Palestine Post report in English on another terror attack at a nearby location:

On that very same page, you can read about other events just to get an idea of what was happening:

This record informs the the five people murdered were Shmuel Gutterman, Leah (Lotte) Gutterman (34), Bilhah Gutterman, Rivka (Regina) Spiegler and Yaakov Spiegler. The Guttermans were three years in the country and Shmuel, 38, worked as a baker. That evening, the family was in the midst of sitting Shiva for their oldest boy who had died of cancer, it seems. Their daughter was less than two years old.  The Arabs who broke into their shack shot and stabbed them to death and then set the place alight.  They then broke into the nearby shack where the husband had not yet returned home.  The mohter and son were stabbed and burnt alive while a daughter, six-year old Ora, managed somehow to slip out and hide in the yard until rescued by defenders who, despite shooting and wounding several attackers, were outnumbered and had to withdraw to the center of the neighborhood.

The next day's Palestine Post:

Was this an isolated incident?

Here's more of page 2:

and from the previous day's paper:

And the following day's edition

Maybe now you have a better perspective on whether restraint or response was the policy to be adopted.


Saturday, September 16, 2017

Englander Cannot Realize Reality

In an interview, author Nathan Englander uses this example to illustrate why the two sides in the Arab-Israel conflict, or rather the Arab Conflict with Israel, simply is "not the same reality":-

He realized that a Jewish person could stand on a hill in Jerusalem and recognize it as the holy Temple Mount, while a Palestinian could stand in the same place - "literally the same spot" - and view it as a different holy site, the Haram al-Sharif.

Actually, the real problem is not with a "reality" but with a process of denial of reality.  And Englander, I fear, may bot be able to grasp that or, at the least, accept it.

It is that while the Jews all recognize there is a Haram al-Sharif and an Al-Aqsa, Muslims do not accept that there is a Temple Mount.

In fact, it's worse.  Muslims deny the hill was Mount Moriah where the Temple stood.  And those Arabs who call themselves Palestinians, think even worse:

Jerusalem's Jewish connection is denied.

Temple denied. Yes, really. The book.

Jerusalem must be purely Arab.

Jews have no right to a Temple.

Violence is the proper response to Jews.

Jews defile Jerusalem's Temple Mount:

There is so much more.  As Dennis Ross wrote:

On the ninth day of the 2000 Camp David Summit, Yasir Arafat, then Palestinian National Authority President, told President Bill Clinton that “Solomon’s Temple was not in Jerusalem, but Nablus.”

So, why does a seemingly intelligent author get things wrong and then pass them on to his audiences so they remain ignorant, too?


Friday, September 15, 2017

Beaten-up Betarim

How bad were the relations between the political and ideological camps in the Yishuv?

This clipping illustrates the situation:

It relates how members of Betar, who refused to pay the voluntary tax imposed in late 1938 by the National Institutions to fund the Hagana, the Kofer HaYishuv, were denied the right to get on a bus to Netanya from probably the Rechovot-Rishon L'Tzion area.

Despite the Revisionist Party being informed that indeed, the Betarim need not contribute the tax to be able to ride the buses, they were beaten up when they refused to pay and six required first aid.

Now you know why it was easy to carry out the Saison operation.


You're Wrong and Unhelpful Yourself, Mr. Ambassador

Former U.S. Ambassador to Israel Daniel Shapiro spoke to a crowded ASEAN Auditorium at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts this week.

Among the things Shapiro said was this about "expanding settlements in the West Bank Judea and Samaria"

“It’s unhelpful both because it changes the map over time … but also because of the political impact and the way it suggests to Palestinians that decisions are being made before they are at the negotiating table.”

You see, Mr. Ambassador, calling the territory of regions of the historic Land of Israel as the "West Bank", a geo-political term of obfuscation created in April 1950 when the illegal occupier of Judea and Samaria, Jordan's King Abdallah I annexed that land to his kingdom, is unhelpful, an interference with the neogtiaons for a peaceful settlement, discriminatory to Jewish rights and claims as well as being unauthentic as even the United Nations 1947 Partition Plan used the terms Judea and Samaria to delineate the borders of the future two states (a compromise plan rejected by the Arabs, incidentally, and due to their subsequent aggression, the map changed).

Using "West Bank" has quite a negative impact.

It affords the Arab side an ability to claim, before they are at the negotiating table, that they have a right to all of that territory.

But I suspect you intended that.


Thursday, September 14, 2017

This Wasn't the Headline

This story did not have this as its headline:

Jordanian Minister Condemns Terror Against Jews

Decries Violence and Exploiting 

Sacred Site for Islam and Also Judaism

Instead, here's the actual story:

Amman, Sept 12 (Petra) –– Jordan on Tuesday strongly condemned a recent decision by the Israeli Magistrates Court to close down the Bab Al Rahma building on the Al Aqsa Mosque/ Haram Al Sharif compound in occupied East Jerusalem.

State Minister for Media Affairs, Mohammad Momani, said that the Israeli judiciary had no jurisdiction over East Jerusalem and its holy sites, top of which is the holy Al Aqsa Mosque, as the site is occupied territory that is subject to the international law and the international humanitarian law.

Israel, as the occupying power, should respect its commitments in this regard, he demanded.

Jordan, he added, categorically rejects all the ongoing illegal Israeli attempts to impose the Israeli laws on Al Aqsa Mosque/ Haram Al Sharif as a flagrant violation of the international law, and deems these laws as part of Israeli policies designed to change the historical and legal status quo at the holy compound.

Momani, who is also the government's official spokesman, said that the Israeli police's appeal to the court to permanently close down the Bab Al Rahma structure under the anti-terrorism law, is a matter of extreme gravity that would have serious consequences as it amounts to an aggression against the Al Aqsa Mosque and the Islamic Waqf (trust), which has the jurisdiction in this matter, and all Muslims.

Momani urged Israel as the occupying power to immediately revoke "this politicized and provocative decision" and live up to its obligations under the international law, and also respect the Jerusalem Waqf, which has the exclusive jurisdiction over all the affairs of the Al Aqsa Mosque.

But you expected that, correct?

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

The Palestinian Experience: Little Social/Communal Cohesion

Ar a General Zionist Council meeting in 1938, an trend that was to become critical to the creation of the 1947-48 Arab exodus of Palestine phenomenon, which then developed into the "Palestine refugee" situation was described by Moshe Shertok (Sharrett):-

Arabs, particularly wealthier ones, fled early when terror undermined Jewish-Arab relations and economic possibilities.  Little social communal cohesion.

That's what happened a decade later that led to the virtual collapse of local Arab society.

It was not new but rather a near-permanent aspect of Arab social instability or, in other words, lack of national spirit.


From Dissent to Degradation

I hope this won't be too deep an observation and I will not make it long (extended references and details are in the embedded links).

Far left forces, mainly but not exclusively American,  consider Israel's military government regime in the territories liberated from Jordanian occupation as immoral, illegal and un-Jewish.  They began and continually attempt to affect a tectonic change in Diaspora Jewry's mutually important relationship with Israel by declaring that military government to be an illegal occupation in the face of major evidence to the contrary 

That "occupation", I think, despite all sorts of outlandish claims, is fair and just in the conditions in comparison to that existed which before 1967, when that administration was applied to regions of the historic Land of Israel as well as today, under the despotic Palestinian Authority rule.  

These forces, in one apparition or another, in one manifestation or another, have always been with us. They fought Herzl. They struggled against the Balfour Declaration. They denied Jewish nationalism. They were either non-Zionist or anti-Zionist. They waged campaigns against President Woodrow Wilson approving the idea of a Mandate that would reconstitute the Jewish National Home. They insisted, despite all past and current evidence, that there should not be a Jewish state, or something quite less than a political entity.

They were called the Bund. The Reform Movment until 1937.  Neturei Karta. The American Council for Judaism. Jewish Fellowship in England. Palestine Communist Party (who actively supported Arab terror in the 1920s and 1930s* and see: Budeiri, Musa. The Palestine Communist Party, 1919-1948: Arab and Jews in the Struggle for Internationalism)

Brit Shalom. Ihud. Breira. Jewish Voice for PeaceIfNotNow. Open Zion. V15's interference in Israel's democratic process. NIF's previous assistance to subversive groups.  Rabbi Kaufmann KohlerLord Montagu, Peter Beinart. Michael Chyabon & Ayelet Waldman, Tony Judt. The "tragic mockery" of Leon Trotsky. IJAN. Haaretz. Jews supporting Boycott. Breaking the Silence. Mondoweiss. Richard Falk. Ken Roth. George Soros. Noam Chomsky. Norman Finkelstein. Gideon Levy. Amira Hass and Haaretz's owner, Amos Schocken. They, among others, are ideological opponents, and less than pragmatic critics.

And they lost because their thinking was wrong, because their observance of events was incorrect, because their understanding of political, economic, military and cultural elements was in error and worse, they have not learned from their mistakes in the past.

Now, more than ever, the trend of their promotions is leading not to a singular criticism of a specific policy, of an approach, or lack thereof, of a party or a person.  It is directing anger, frustration and self-impotence against Israel as a whole.

Israel, it is claimed, is an "apartheid" state. It has always been a project of settler colonialism is the assertion. It is "racist". And worse. Now, Nazi memes are employed a la Rogel Alpher.

Basically, what has developed, is that the very idea of Israel is to be rejected and it is being pushed forcefully and prominently.  To be generous, it is difficult to think of these op-ed columnists and bloggers and 'intellectuals' and such as truly intelligent, for any claim that that language and contextualization they employ is not what they intend, although many quite openly do, cannot they see what they are creating?

They present an "Israel situation" that is, in the end, a la Judt** and Mick Davis, bad for the Jews.  As Daniel Gordis phrased it, "It’s not about what Israel does. It’s about what, to their minds, Israel is."  Israel is less important than Diaspora Jews and the existence of a Diaspora. Babylon is better than Jerusalem.  That was done in the 1930s by socialists, non-nationalists and ultra-Orthodox and we know that in a few years, they were all proven wrong.  Shalom Asch declared in 1938 that “what Jabotinsky is now doing in Poland [his evacuation plan] goes beyond all limits…Heaven help a people with such leaders.” Asch eventually declared at a press conference in Jerusalem in 1952: “I deeply regret that I fought against Jabotinsky’s evacuation plan”. 

In the past, these ideas led those that held them to betray Judaism, assimilate, join revolutionary movements, assist the detractors of Jews or be eliminated by anti-Semites.

For these new critics of Zion, these new dissenters, the line of their opposition to certain or any specifics has moved to that of generalities and soon, the line to a totality of rejection will be crossed. And they were learn the lessons of those who trod this path before them, while Israel and Zionism continues to triumph.

For example, as described here:  "A squad led by Daniel Abramovich scattered nails on the roads for a few nights, to harass Jewish transportation, and also cut down electricity poles. Two bombs were thrown in Haifa, one of them at the building of the Labor Council. There was also a plan to attack the new dock that was then under construction in Tel Aviv, but it was too well guarded, so the activists set fire instead to a pavilion of the Orient Fair.  Dothan maintains that [Simcha] Tzabari, who was then the only Jew on the Central Committee (Meir Slonim was in prison), bore responsibility for the terrorist policy...Dothan quotes a leaflet written by Tzabari in July 1936 [but not distributed], which explained that by “destroying the economy of the Zionist occupiers through acts of sabotage and partisan attacks, the Arab liberation movement seeks to make the continuation of Zionist colonization impossible.” 

"Diaspora Jews cannot influence Israeli policies, but they are implicitly identified with them, not least by Israel’s own insistent claims upon their allegiance. The behavior of a self-described Jewish state affects the way everyone else looks at Jews. The increased incidence of attacks on Jews in Europe and elsewhere is primarily attributable to misdirected efforts, often by young Muslims, to get back at Israel. The depressing truth is that Israel’s current behavior is not just bad for America, though it surely is. It is not even just bad for Israel itself, as many Israelis silently acknowledge. The depressing truth is that Israel today is bad for the Jews."